The Domino’s Theory
The Domino’s Theory:
What Your Company Can Learn from the Customer-Driven “Pizza Turnaround”
When the pizza giant asked consumers to tell the truth, it ended up back at the proverbial drawing board. (Or should that be cutting board?) New product development guru Dan Adams says there’s a lesson in this story for all of us—and he offers some insights on the art of really listening to customers.
Cuyahoga Falls, OH (January 2010)—Recently, Domino’s Pizza did something practically unheard of in the business world. First, it asked its customers for honest feedback. Second, it actually listened to the painful truth (according to its documentary ad, “The Pizza Turnaround,” unflattering words like “cardboard” and “totally void of flavor” were tossed about with abandon). Finally—and here’s the shocking part—the company reinvented its product “from the crust up.”
Now, if you’re the typical business leader, you might be protesting, “But we listen to our customers all the time!” Don’t be too sure, says new product development expert Dan Adams. You might think you’re giving your customers what they want—but there’s a good chance you’re actually giving them what you want them to want.
“Many companies are essentially saying to their customers, ‘You do need this product, right? Right?’” laughs Adams, author of New Product Blueprinting: The Handbook for B2B Organic Growth (AIM Press, 2008, ISBN: 978-0-9801123-4-4, $35.00). “They’re starting with a product and trying to talk their customers into giving it their stamp of approval. What looks like soliciting feedback is really a bit of a dog and pony show.”
Adams should know. He has spent his career helping some of the largest business-to-business companies in the world learn how to develop new “stuff” that customers want to buy. Through New Product Blueprinting (the process described in his book), his company helps clients bring clarity to the “fuzzy front end” of product development. So with the Domino’s ad campaign making headlines for its boldly honest approach, you might be wondering how your company can follow its lead. Adams offers several tips:
• Ask your customers what they want—in a way that lets them know you really hear them. A lot of companies pay lip service to this idea. As consumers we’ve all had survey cards slapped down in front of us or fielded post-purchase telemarketing calls. Reconsider how you are collecting customer feedback. Are you doing it in a way that really engages the customer so that you can get the truth?
“There’s no substitute for respectful dialogue with customers,” says Adams, whose own process helps B2B suppliers elicit idea-generating, peer-to-peer conversations with their customers. “When you can get people truly engaged in the feedback process—I mean really focused on what they need and want from you—you’ll get their honest opinions. And that raw honesty is what you need to serve them the right way.”
• Don’t rely on sales reps alone to capture customer needs. A salesperson is unlikely to uncover a full set of market needs if he is a) rewarded for near-term selling, b) unable to reach true decision makers, or c) not calling on most of the customers in your target market segment. But put a good salesperson on a team with marketing and technical colleagues, train all in advanced interviewing methods, and you’ll run circles around your competitors. Be wary of VOC (voice-of-the-customer) consultants who want to exclude your sales force from interviews because “they can sell but not listen,” warns Adams. In the long run, your company will fall behind competitors that have taken steps to develop a team of engaged and enlightened salespeople.
• Take action on what you’re hearing. Many companies ask their customers for feedback with the best of intentions. But when they start hearing things they don’t want to hear, they find a million reasons to explain it away. As a result, the feedback never gets translated into action. “A lot of companies will say, ‘Oh, they’re a difficult client,’ or, ‘That’s not really what they want; it’s just what they think they want,’” says Adams. “Either they don’t really want to change what they’re doing or they don’t trust the customer or they don’t trust themselves to understand what the customer wants.
• If you have to scrap your existing products and start from scratch, so be it. Here’s the real truth, says Adams: Most suppliers start with their solution, “validate” it by showing it to some customers, and measure market needs by watching sales results… after the product launch! In other words, they’re getting it exactly backwards. “Companies should invert this process: Begin with customer needs and end with supplier solutions,” asserts Adams. “While doing things in the wrong order may ‘feel’ better to you, it is far less likely to result in sales and customer satisfaction. Besides, intelligent customers can detect your ‘validation’ a mile away. They correctly sense you are more interested in your idea than in them… and that doesn’t do much for the long-term relationships you need to build.”
• Get everyone in your company connected to the customer’s reality. If you watch Domino’s new ad, you can see how ego crushing it was for the company’s employees to hear customers speak their minds about the flavorless crust and ketchupy sauce. Yet, you can also see how necessary it was for them to hear the harsh truth—it energized them to revamp their product and make it much, much better.
“People inside companies tend to get defensive about their products and processes,” admits Adams. “It’s only human. But when you can cut through that defensiveness and show them ‘Hey, this really isn’t working for our customers’—well, that’s where true service and value finally begin.”
If you’re thinking this is a message recession-strapped companies need to hear, you’re right, says Adams. The quicker they get it, the more likely they are to survive. “Figuring out what people really want from your company, and giving it to them, is the whole point of being in business,” he notes. “When money is flowing, you can stand some trial and error, some experimentation. When it’s not, you’d better get it right now—and ‘right’ means whatever the customer says it does.”